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Sunday, July 19, 2020 | History

2 edition of initial consonant mutations in Breton and Welsh. found in the catalog.

initial consonant mutations in Breton and Welsh.

Penny Willis

initial consonant mutations in Breton and Welsh.

by Penny Willis

  • 61 Want to read
  • 40 Currently reading

Published by Indiana University Linguistics Club in Bloomington .
Written in English


ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13846534M

Gender is marked by mutations, a set of morphophonological\ud changes that affect the initial consonants of words, and the mapping\ud between mutation and gender is quite opaque. The initial consonant mutations in Welsh and Breton. (). Welsh soft mutation . It is argued in this chapter that initial consonant mutation – the characteristic alternation in Celtic languages of the intial consonant in words depending on the morphosyntactic context in which the word appears – is not properly phonological. Nonetheless, it does require a phonological representation of some kind. After considering the phonetic origins and grammatical status of initial.

Welsh, like the other Celtic languages, is best known amongst linguists for its verb-initial word order and its use of initial consonant mutations. However it has many more characteristics which are of interest to syntacticians. This book, first published in , provides a concise and accessible overview of the major syntactic phenomena of Welsh. Chapter 6 “Initial Consonant Mutation” breaks the pattern of the immediately preceding chapters and focusses on a topic which is more morphological than anything. Hannahs rejects a purely phonetic or phonological analysis of mutations and adopts in spirit Green’s (, ) solution, in which for any given lexical item, the radical form.

Breton is spoken in Lower Brittany (Breton: Breizh-Izel), roughly to the west of a line linking Plouha (west of Saint-Brieuc) and La Roche-Bernard (east of Vannes).It comes from a Brittonic language community that once extended from Great Britain to Armorica (present-day Brittany) and had even established a toehold in Galicia (in present-day Spain). Old Breton is attested from the 9th century. i) Mutation in Welsh and Scottish Gaelic. We have several NSF grants to investigate the phenomenon of initial consonant mutation in Welsh and Scottish Gaelic. In these languages, in specific morphosyntactic contexts, the initial consonant of a word will change systematically. For example, 'cat' becomes 'the cat' in Welsh.


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Initial consonant mutations in Breton and Welsh by Penny Willis Download PDF EPUB FB2

Initial consonant mutations Main article: Breton mutations Breton has four initial consonant mutations: though modern Breton lost the nasal mutation of Welsh, it also has a "hard" mutation, in which voiced stops become voiceless, and a "mixed" mutation, which is a mixture of hard and soft ge family: Indo-European, CelticInsular.

Initial consonant mutations in Welsh and Breton. Bloomington: Indiana University Linguistics Club, [] (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Penny Willis; Indiana University Linguistics Club. CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): A central and all-pervasive feature of Welsh and the other Celtic languages (Breton, Cornish, Irish, Scottish-Gaelic, Manx) is their system of initial consonant mutations.

This is characterized by a regular alternation of the initial consonant phonemes of a word. In Welsh, 1 an initial voiceless stop like /p / 〈p.

Initial consonant mutation. Like other Celtic languages, Breton has initial consonant mutations triggered by grammatical markings and the presence of various particles.

There are four types of initial consonant mutation: a) Lenition (soft mutation). The initial consonant of singular feminine nouns or masculine human plurals (and also the. Breton has four initial consonant mutations: though modern Breton lost the nasal mutation of Welsh, it also has a 'hard' mutation, in which voiced stops become voiceless, and a 'mixed' mutation, which is a mixture of hard and soft mutations.

Initial consonant mutations Main article: Breton mutations Breton has four initial consonant mutations: though modern Breton lost the nasal mutation of Welsh, it also has a "hard" mutation, in which voiced stops become voiceless, and a "mixed" mutation, which is a mixture of hard and soft mutations.

Old Welsh (9thth c. CE) becomes differentiated from Old Breton and Old Cornish. Middle Welsh (12th–15th c. CE) is defined mainly by the Mabinogi, a collection of stories in prose. The orthography and vocabulary are quite similar to the modern language but word order in the sentence is not verb-initial like in Modern Welsh.

The initial consonant mutations in Welsh and Breton. Bloomington: Indiana Univ. Linguistics Club. E-mail Citation» An extended comparison of several aspects of Welsh and Breton mutations, with attention to both written and spoken languages and a focus on. Welsh, like the other Celtic languages, is best known amongst linguists for its verb-initial word order and its use of initial consonant mutations.

However it has many more characteristics which. 5 exist in Breton: the first is a spade, and the second a ball, in the sense of a dance.

Since pal is a feminine noun, the initial consonant is lenited after the definite article; however, bal is a masculine noun, and so is not subject to this mutation rule.

Both therefore surface as ar the spoken language, there is less likely to be confusion: some. A central and all-pervasive feature of Welsh and the other Celtic languages (Breton, Cornish, Irish, Scottish-Gaelic, Manx) is their system of initial consonant mutations. This is characterized by a regular alternation of the initial consonant phonemes of a word.

In Welsh, 1 an initial voiceless stop like /p / 〈p〉, for instance, can. In this paper, we investigate mutations in Breton.1 Our study is largely inspired by the previous study by Mittendorf and Sadler for Welsh: We share with these authors the idea that initial mutation is close to inection in nature and is essentially a morphosyntactic phenomenon.

We propose to process this phenomenon with nite state transducers. Like all modern Celtic languages, Breton is characterised by initial consonant mutations, which are changes to the initial sound of a word caused by certain syntactic or morphological environments.

In addition Breton, like French, has a number of purely phonological sandhi features caused when certain sounds come into contact with others. The Insular Celtic languages, such as Irish, Scottish Gaelic, Welsh and Breton, notoriously feature a grammatical process known as initial consonant mutation.

Basically this involves a change of the first sound of a word in certain grammatical contexts. Initial mutations along with: verb. Request PDF | Mutation in Breton verbs: Pertinacity across generations | Although word-initial consonants are highly salient cross-linguistically, the process of initial-consonant mutation has.

The soft mutation (Welsh: treiglad meddal) is by far the most common mutation in words undergo soft mutation, the general pattern is that unvoiced plosives become voiced plosives, and voiced plosives become fricatives or disappear; some fricatives also change, and the full list is shown in the above table.

In some cases a limited soft mutation takes place. This new expanded edition of Modern Welshis the ideal reference source for all speakers and learners of Welsh, suitable for use in schools, colleges, universities and adult classes at all levels. Focusing on contemporary spoken Welsh, this new enlarged edition features a substantial new function-based section, explaining and exemplifying a wide range of sentence and phrase patterns.5/5(2).

Initial consonant mutations. Breton has four initial consonant mutations: though modern Breton lost the nasal mutation of Welsh, it also has a ‘hard’ mutation, in which voiced stops become voiceless, and a ‘mixed’ mutation, which is a mixture of hard and soft mutations.

Consonant mutation is change in a consonant in a word according to its morphological or syntactic environment. Welsh system of initial consonant mutations appears to require the postulation of non-local mutation triggers, and thus seems to disconfirm the Trigger Constraint. He argues convincingly, however, that the Welsh evidence can in fact be brought into conformity with this constraint.

Here, I will present some data from the Breton mutation system. The Phonology of Welsh is an exploration of the phonology of modern Welsh. Starting with an overview of the phonetics and segment inventories of Welsh, the book then examines the phonological structures of the language, including syllables, feet, phonotactics and stress.

Having established the basic phonetic inventories and phonological structures of the language, the book moves on to the.Consonant mutations are found in the other Insular Celtic languages as well: Scots Gaelic, Breton, Cornish, and Manx (discussed below).

The environments of the mutations The environments in which the various mutations are found are not phonologi-cal but morphosyntactic. Most cases of mutation are found on a lexical word.grammatically conditioned word-initial consonant mutations.

Although this system is complicated by sporadic irregularities, four fundamental varieties of mutation can be observed in Breton: these are the leniting, the reinforcing, the spirantizing, and the mixed mutations, whose effects are indicated in .